Colors Theory

Primary Colors

Many of us know about the primary shades, we all have learnt about them in school. They are the colors that can’t be made by mixing two colors, they are primary colors of a color wheel. While a standard artist color wheel makes use of red, yellow and blue as primary colors many photographers think regarding RBG (red, blue and green) color spectrum.

Secondary Shades

Secondary colors are a result of the mixing of primary colors. On the photographers color wheel, these shades are orange, purple and green.

Tertiary Hues

Tertiary colors are created by combining the secondary and primary shades. For instance, when using the first yellow, blue and red hues wheel mixing the orange and red or green and blue would result in tertiary hues.

Complementary Shades

One of the most common links is between the additional hues. Complementary colors fall in the opposite from one another on the color board. These colors develop high contrast and grab the viewer attention.

Analogous Colors

Analogous hues are next to each other on the wheel. Making use of similar shades create a more harmonious shade scheme and low-contrast.

Monochromatic Hues

The monochromes are usually referred as black and white; monochromatic shades are made from hues of just one hue, for example, several different tones of blue. Monochromatic shades are low in contrast and usually create a soothing look.

Fashion and Portfolio Shoot

Pre-Shoot Planning

  • Step 1: Budget. It’s always best to asses your budget first. You don’t want to start planning, hoping, and dreaming up an amazing concept, only to realize you can’t afford to make it a reality.
  • Step 2: Creative Direction. Now that you know how much budget you have to work with, you can brainstorm your creative direction. A mood board made up of tears is a great place to start. Pulling tears can be physically tearing what you like from catalogs and magazines, taking screen grabs of other websites, pulling past work of your own, or making a Pinterest board. Whatever you do, it’s a good idea to put it into a sharable digital format so you can easily share it with other members of your team. It’s important to review and keep in mind the product you are shooting while you are pulling tears to make sure there isn’t a disconnect from what you are envisioning and the product you have to work with. For instance, you might love the look of a shoot that took place in a sleek modern home, but if your product is bohemian you will have a hard time making that vision successful. After you have assembled your mood board, you can determine if you want to achieve your vision in a studio or on location somewhere.
  • Step 3: Booking. Hiring the right people is just as important as having great product and even more important than a great location in my opinion. Quality talent makes quality photos. If you have best fashion photographers they can make a less than ideal location look fantastic.

For a lookbook shoot, you’ll need to book the following:

  • Photographer: You can’t create a good piece of art without an amazing artist you need professional photographer for model portfolio.
  • Model: Pick someone you think is a good fit for the brand and whom your customer will identify with. A good model knows their angles, what expressions look good on them, how to take direction, and how to look natural. If you don’t pay for a good model, you might end up having to take a few hundred photos to get one you like. A good model will save you time (which is the same thing as money).
  • Stylist: Depending on what you need and what you can afford, a stylist can be an incredibly valuable member of your team. They can help you put the looks together, source accessories, create shot lists, make the product fit flawlessly on set, and assist with creative direction consistent with the outfits.
  • Hair & Makeup: Looking good on camera is different than looking good to the naked eye. It’s worth bringing in a professional who knows hair and makeup for photography; for example, you may want your model to have a smoky eye, but the flash creates shadows intensifying that look. You want a makeup artist who knows how to adjust for lighting to achieve the desired look on camera.
  • Location: If you’re shooting in-studio, you need to book time if the photographer doesn’t already have their own space. If you’re shooting on-location, you may need to acquire permits for public spaces, rent a private dwelling, or get permission to shoot on hotel or other business property.
  • Set Designer and/or Prop Stylist: If you are shooting in-studio and have something unique you want to create, you may want to hire a set designer and/or a prop stylist to bring the set to life.

Pose Like a Model for Photos

The Classic Hands-On-Hip

It’s always a good idea to not leave your hands limp or rogue. Perching one arm on the hip, weight shifted to one side and relaxing your shoulders. This “Teapot” pose is so popular with models, it slims your figure and creates a tall and dignified look that makes the waist appears slimmer. Be sure to position your lifted arm that’s placed on the hip to show off any fancy accessories or nail polish art.

Use the Mirror

Pose in front of your new BFF, the mirror, until you are near perfect at it. Learn your body shape and pick sides and angles you love. Forget about feeling guilty about your vanity, and remember “all is vanity”. Use your imagination and pretend someone else is behind the mirror, camera in hand and snapping away. Keep your feet in check for full-body shots, they are always closest to the mirror and you do not want to appear big-footed.

Go Lower

When sitting your camera height should be well above your eye level and your photographer standing a little far for the best result. This particular technique would show all your features, hair and makeup and also give you the illusion of a more petite, skinny frame.

Photographers often totally forget their own height and shoot from below the model’s eye line and you should never let them do that if you want the perfect photo. The chances that a shot from below help increase the height of subject or create the dramatic heroine shot you may be looking for are slim, and failed results with disappearing chins, weird shadows and dwarf shots are nearly always the end game.

For selfies, keeping your phone lens above your head will capture only your best angles and keep your neck looking elongated and swan-like.

Turn Your Head

If your face is asymmetrical in any way, not to worry you’re in good company. The easy fix for photos is to turn your head a bit when snapping and let the perfect tilt and camera angle hide that crooked smile of yours. Tilting your head is also a great trick for slimming your profile so if you really want to pose like a model, try turning slightly rather than facing the camera head on.

Stand Straight, Chin Out

Let the one thing you do not forget about perfecting your photo posture be to put your best foot and chin forward and stand up straight.

Cameras are only two-dimensional, meaning a photo cannot display its subject in all three dimensions unless it is shot that way purposely. When posing in front of the camera and looking straight at it, pushing your chin out, down and forward can extend your jawline, creating the sharper and stronger facial lines that are associated with model features.

Digital SLR Cameras

  • Do you feel like you want more control over things like shutter speeds and aperture settings. (the camera lens aperture controls the amount of light reaching your camera image sensor. It also controls in part how much of your picture will be in or out of focus)
  • Do you wish you had access to interchangeable camera lenses? The type of lenses that would allow you to take pictures of distant subjects as well as close up shots only an inch or two from the subject?
  • Do you look at pictures in magazines or professional pictures and think to yourself: I can take pictures similar to those but their pictures seem to be of a higher quality.

If you answered yes to all three of the questions then it might be time for you to consider buying a Digital SLR camera. The following reasons are in reference to the 3 previous questions.

  • Digital SLR cameras will allow you to control the shutter speeds you use. You can choose fast shutter speeds to “freeze” action or you can choose slow shutter speeds for dimly lit scenes. You can also control the camera lens aperture setting which can help in blurring backgrounds while keeping the subject in sharp focus.
  • Changing lenses with a Digital SLR camera is easy. Just twist one off and twist and snap a different one into place. You will have the option of purchasing any type lens that fits your particular needs. It can be a super wide angle lens, a super telephoto lens, or a zoom lens with a range that is suitable for you.
  • Digital SLR cameras have larger image sensors than compact cameras. The larger image sensors can absorb more light and record it more accurately than a compact camera image sensor. The larger image sensors along with better quality lenses are the reason professional pictures have that extra crispness and sharpness that you don’t get from a compact camera.

Now I am not saying that a low end Digital SLR camera will give you the same quality as a $5,000 professional Digital SLR camera. However, you will definitely see the difference in quality from just about any Digital SLR compared to a basic compact camera.

Now for those of you who are thinking that a Digital SLR camera might be too complicated to operate, consider this.

All Digital SLR cameras have a Fully Automatic mode in which it operates the same as a basic compact camera. All you have to do is point and shoot. Is that easy enough?

While you are learning how to use the camera, there is also a Program mode which allows you to manually change things like the White Balance and ISO settings. However, even in the Program mode, the Lens Aperture and Shutter Speed are automatically set for you. So you can still take pictures while you are learning.

Now when you get ready to start controlling other things, you can use the cameras’ Aperture Priority or Shutter Priority modes. These are semi-automatic modes.

In the Shutter Priority mode, you just choose the shutter speed you want to use and the camera will set the aperture and other relevant functions. Is that too easy?

If you are more concerned with the camera lens aperture setting, then use the Aperture Priority mode.In this mode you choose the lens aperture setting and the camera will automatically set the shutter speed and other functions to create a correct exposure.

Lastly, there is the Full Manual mode in which you control and set everything. Just keep in mind that even advanced photographers don’t use the full manual mode for every shot. However, the Full Manual mode is there for when you want to use it, whether for creative reasons, or just to make the pictures come out right.

Of course there are other features in Digital SLR cameras. They have extra bells and whistles just like compact cameras. However, the most important thing is to remember that you can start taking better quality pictures even while you are learning how to use your Digital SLR camera.

So if you are already taking pretty good pictures with your compact camera but feel its time to take another step forward, try a Digital SLR camera.

Mirror Effect Using Photoshop

The first thing you will need to do is upload the images to your computer. After that, you will need to open Photoshop and then access the images in it one by one. Once you have opened the first image, right-click on it and then click on the option that says ‘Duplicate Layer’ and then click on ‘OK’. At this point, you will have to drag the panel where the image is displayed and increase its size in order to create space for the mirror image under it. After that create a ‘New Guide’ by selecting the same from the menu option called ‘View’.

The value for ‘Orientation’ and ‘Position’ should be ‘Vertical’ and ‘50%’ respectively. Now, you should drag the main image to the left of the guide that has been created with the help of the ‘Move tool’. Now select the portion of the image that should be ‘mirrored’ and then place it into a new layer. Now, making sure that in the layers panel, the ‘Background copy’ option is selected, flip the duplicate layer by clicking on Transform> Flip Horizontal and then move the reversed image immediately below the original (must fit together perfectly).

To move the image, hold down the ‘Ctrl key’ on the keyboard while simultaneously pressing the left button of the mouse. Click on ‘Enter’ and then exit the Transform command for the changes to be effective. Apart from that, you will also need to click on the ‘View’ menu and then click on ‘Click Guides’ for removing the guide and getting the final image with mirror effect. The next step will be to save the image created on your computer. You can then access it and upload it to your website or social networking sites for creating innovative and appealing advertising campaigns.

Night Vision Security Cameras

There are many types of cameras available in the market. To decide which camera will suit your needs and which one you should buy, some home work is required. The different types of night vision cameras are:

  • Outdoor wired night vision surveillance camera: these are ideal for outdoor applications. Using this camera, you can monitor whatever is happening in the area covered by the camera.
  • Motion Sensor Cameras: They use sensors to detect motion. Recording is only started, when the sensor sees some motion. The advantage of this kind of camera is that it reduces the recording time.
  • Vandal proof night cameras: These cameras are used in vandalism prone areas. These cameras are very sturdy and difficult to be ruined by a vandal.
  • Day night color cameras: color recording is done during day time. And in night, the camera automatically switches to black and white mode.
  • Infrared night cameras: Night vision cameras work well even in low-light conditions. But for places with no light, infrared night vision camera is required.
  • Mobile spy night cameras: As the name suggests, mobile spy cameras are mobile and can be placed anywhere near the area you want to do recording. Night vision is used when you use these cameras in night as they can see things even in dark.
  • Wireless night vision camera: are very easy to use. These cameras can be moved anywhere without re-installation.

Night vision cameras with infrared feature can be used in any kind of lighting conditions, low light condition, or no light condition. The advantage of a night vision camera is that it can see things, which is otherwise not visible to a naked human eye. However, night vision cameras with infrared illumination are quite expensive comparative to its other counter parts.

Choosing a security camera that fulfills all your requirements is not an easy task. There are so many security cameras available in the market that it may confuse you in deciding, which camera you should buy. The basic factors that you should consider before buying are: type of application (indoor or outdoor), camera resolution (low or high), camera model (static or PTZ model), and the type of camera (day/night or only night vision).

Mind-Blowing Photography Tips For Beginners

Work the subject!

Try shooting the same thing in as many ways you can that capture different aspects about it. After you shoot look through your shoot and critique your work. Be mindful of what worked and what didn’t and why. Editing your shoot is an important part of the learning process.

Study the work of other photographers.

Find something that inspires you and pay attention to what you like and try to mimic it. Then try to make it your own by bringing in something new and different.

Familiarize yourself with photography software!

Digital software is today’s darkroom & developing an image is just as important as how you shoot it. My favorite way to digitally polish my images is through Lightroom. It’s amazing what it allows you to do to an image without exposing yourself to chemicals or wasting photo paper and developer. The preset filters are a great way to intensify the tone of the image, but you must know how to fine-tune them to make the image just so. Photoshop is also an important tool.

Learn Lighting!

I suggest photographing a subject at different times of day and compare them. If you have access to professional lighting equipment try shooting your subject lit from different angles, diffusion vs. Hard lighting, etc… There are jobs just dedicated to lighting on high-end shoots, so there are no limits there if you have the budget. Really think about how the light conveys your message to the viewer.

Go with your instincts!

Make sure what you are shooting is fulfilling something for you. There is no point in shooting something you aren’t enjoying. It will show in your work! The more you are passionate about it, the more creatively you can capture it! I’ve worked with so many photographers that have talent, but take on shoots they don’t enjoy and it showed in the quality of the images. For example, I could never understand why somebody would hire a nature photographer to shoot their portraits. Somebody that isn’t a people person doesn’t take flattering photos of people no matter how much technical knowledge they have. On the other hand, if you see all people as beautiful and you have a natural talent for making a person feel good about him/herself, then portrait photography is a great niche!

How to Create Frightening Photos

Choose a subject

Ask a close friend or family member to be your model for this scary shot, and set up a camera on a tripod. Firstly, take a photo of a room which can be used as the background in the completed image. Making sure that you don’t move the camera and without adjusting the settings, ask your model to position themselves in front of the camera in the same room where you took your background image. You will need to take a photo of your model on a prop that provides a raised surface from the ground to give the impression that they are levitating. A ladder, table or chair will provide you with the effect you need, but ensure safety precautions are taken at all times, and help your model on and off the platform. Make sure that you don’t move the camera when you are taking the photograph.

Make use of photo editing software

Using a photo editing program of your choice, load your digital prints and place both the background photograph and the image of your model side-by-side in the software. Using your mouse, place the image with your model on top of the original background image. Both photographs should be lined up correctly. Set the image opacity for the photograph with your model to around 50% by using the opacity tool in the control panel of the software program. Experiment with the different settings.

Use filters and layers

To create a ghostly image of a person levitating, use a layer mask from the control panel of your software program and use an eraser or brush tool to cover-up the prop that you used in your second photo. Because you used the opacity tool in the previous step, the area which contained your prop should be filled with the underlying background image to create a scary levitation effect. Save your image and send your levitation photography to family and friends.

Effects of Photography

Bokeh

The aesthetic quality of blur out of primary image focus is known as bokeh. Light offers more light to areas not in focus but is near the object. Lens aberrations and aperture shape differences, cause the blur resulting to beautiful looks. There is both good and bad bokeh, in the bad bokeh, blur mostly distracts observers from the focus areas and is harsh hence ruins a photographers work. Good bokeh enhances the image look.

Panning

Panning is a photography technique that is mostly used to shoot moving objects such as sports cars, race competitions. It involves the horizontal, rotational and vertical movement of an image or video. To achieve best results of a sharp subject with a blurred background, you need to stay with an object as you frame and press the shutter button. It is among the old techniques, so it needs a lot of practice and patience to master.

Thirds rule

It is a method that is frequently used by artists and painters. Work produced using the technique can be found in art galleries. The rule of thirds method involves breaking down the photo in thirds, vertically and horizontally to have nine parts. The focus object is usually not placed in the middle which results to it being interesting, moving and dynamic. Factors to consider are the point of interest and the frame. Mentally divide your viewfinder into three to frame the shot.

Golden hour

Also referred to as the magic hour, it is the first hour of sunrise and last time of the sunset. The light is of different quality thus add quality and interest to the photo. It requires one to be fast for the quality of light fades quickly

Flash Photography

When you’ve adjusted your ISO and don’t want to risk introducing any “noise” into your images; and when you’ve adjusted your Aperture to get the right amount of depth of field (e.g. everything in sharp focus or background blurred to make your foreground subject stand out more clearly; and when you’ve adjusted your Shutter Speed as fast or slow as you want it… and you’re STILL not getting enough light onto your sensor, to expose your photo(s) properly? Well, that’s when you need to add some flash into the mix, preferably from an external flash (as you can control direction, as well as the power of the light, to get that perfect balance of light hitting your subject when you take the shot). The “pop-up” flash on your camera is better when you’re able to turn down the power, so you’re just “kissing” subtle light onto your subject, to fill in what would otherwise be lost to shadows, but because it’s facing your subject directly, it tends not to give the most flattering look, especially when taking photos of people. If you can get hold of an external flash unit, you will improve the look by taking the flash off to the side (at an approximate 45-degree angle from your subject).

Depending on the external flash unit you get, you will be able to change certain settings on the flash, to add sufficient light when you don’t want to make any further changes to your camera settings.

Settings that top of the range flash units allow you to adjust, include:

  • Flash Power… this will be a feature of virtually all external flash units, allowing you to keep the ISO on your camera low, by increasing the power of the flash output.
  • Flash Zoom… if this is an option on your flash, you’ll be able to select a wide angle setting, to spread the light wider in the foreground; or you can zoom the flash to get it to spread deeper into the scene (but at the expense of how wide the light will spread – the further out you zoom the flash, the narrower the beam).