Effects of Photography

Bokeh

The aesthetic quality of blur out of primary image focus is known as bokeh. Light offers more light to areas not in focus but is near the object. Lens aberrations and aperture shape differences, cause the blur resulting to beautiful looks. There is both good and bad bokeh, in the bad bokeh, blur mostly distracts observers from the focus areas and is harsh hence ruins a photographers work. Good bokeh enhances the image look.

Panning

Panning is a photography technique that is mostly used to shoot moving objects such as sports cars, race competitions. It involves the horizontal, rotational and vertical movement of an image or video. To achieve best results of a sharp subject with a blurred background, you need to stay with an object as you frame and press the shutter button. It is among the old techniques, so it needs a lot of practice and patience to master.

Thirds rule

It is a method that is frequently used by artists and painters. Work produced using the technique can be found in art galleries. The rule of thirds method involves breaking down the photo in thirds, vertically and horizontally to have nine parts. The focus object is usually not placed in the middle which results to it being interesting, moving and dynamic. Factors to consider are the point of interest and the frame. Mentally divide your viewfinder into three to frame the shot.

Golden hour

Also referred to as the magic hour, it is the first hour of sunrise and last time of the sunset. The light is of different quality thus add quality and interest to the photo. It requires one to be fast for the quality of light fades quickly

Flash Photography

When you’ve adjusted your ISO and don’t want to risk introducing any “noise” into your images; and when you’ve adjusted your Aperture to get the right amount of depth of field (e.g. everything in sharp focus or background blurred to make your foreground subject stand out more clearly; and when you’ve adjusted your Shutter Speed as fast or slow as you want it… and you’re STILL not getting enough light onto your sensor, to expose your photo(s) properly? Well, that’s when you need to add some flash into the mix, preferably from an external flash (as you can control direction, as well as the power of the light, to get that perfect balance of light hitting your subject when you take the shot). The “pop-up” flash on your camera is better when you’re able to turn down the power, so you’re just “kissing” subtle light onto your subject, to fill in what would otherwise be lost to shadows, but because it’s facing your subject directly, it tends not to give the most flattering look, especially when taking photos of people. If you can get hold of an external flash unit, you will improve the look by taking the flash off to the side (at an approximate 45-degree angle from your subject).

Depending on the external flash unit you get, you will be able to change certain settings on the flash, to add sufficient light when you don’t want to make any further changes to your camera settings.

Settings that top of the range flash units allow you to adjust, include:

  • Flash Power… this will be a feature of virtually all external flash units, allowing you to keep the ISO on your camera low, by increasing the power of the flash output.
  • Flash Zoom… if this is an option on your flash, you’ll be able to select a wide angle setting, to spread the light wider in the foreground; or you can zoom the flash to get it to spread deeper into the scene (but at the expense of how wide the light will spread – the further out you zoom the flash, the narrower the beam).

Trick Photography Method

The content will guide both professionals and beginners. What beginners need to know is about their camera. If you already have a DSLR then you already have what is required for trick photography. Get familiar with its settings and start clicking. Secondly, when it comes to capturing light drawings you need long exposures. For that you need to purchase LED lights or strips which you can get from Amazon.

Before I start guiding you about pro level trick photography tricks, I want to make one thing clear. Most of the beginners believe that to get a beautiful photograph, you need to have good editing skills. Well, you have been misguided, pictures do require editing but it is not the major thing. Focus on techniques and learn editing skills later when need arises.

So, are you fully prepared to learn a few amazing pro level photography tricks? Let’s begin!

  1. When using Maglite or any other bright light source, remove its cover in order to get a clear image.
  2. Want to trace the outline of an object and want to give a neon effect? Easy. Perform this trick in pitch dark by drawing across the object as quickly as you can.
  3. Tie a light source with a string if you want the light to go through small objects.
  4. By placing the camera on the floor with the pitch dark background while using long exposures, you can create a pure light drawing. Use LED or camera flash as a source of light.
  5. Try giving your trick photograph smoky effect by placing the object in front of a blank background, using overhead light and adjusting the settings of ISO to the lowest point. Draw the smoke from reference point while positioning the light at a single point.

Commercial Photography Details

While some commercial photographers concentrate on one field, others may offer a generalized service. Generally, these professionals engage by agencies like advertising firms and event organizers. On the other hand, freelance commercial photographers cover a diverse range of fields. Some of the most common subjects covered by them are – tourism, photojournalism shoots, weddings, school photos, pets, family pictures, football matches and even graduations. Shots taken by commercial photographers must look a lot more polished and stylized than pictures taken by amateur photographers. If you’re considering stepping into the world of commercial photography, there’s a range of things that you must do for enhancing your accuracy and skills. With commercial photography courses, you can easily master these skills and emerge successful. Even if it costs you a little, it’ll surely reap you benefits in the long run.

When it comes to photography, you need to have the right kind of lighting. Poor lighting arrangements can create awful reflections and shadows that change your photo session into a nightmare. On the other hand, perfect lighting arrangements can make your subject look awesome. Commercial photographers make use of special lighting to get the best shot possible – bringing the subject in focus and giving it a neat look. While taking long-range shots, it’s better to use strobe lighting. This gives any flat commodity a spectacular three-dimensional effect; they also use light boxes beneath the commodity for closer work.

For most light effect, you may even change the shutter in your camera. For deeper light and shadow effects, take snaps in black and white.

Skilled commercial photographers use more than a mere white background for giving the commodity an attractive look. At times, the minimalist mode of shooting is not everything. As a thorough professional, you must create the right kind of setting for the product. For a better mood, consider using colored or dramatic light effects. It makes no sense to shoot a bike in a living room; so, put everything in the right place. Whether your shooting flowers or ornaments, make sure that it’s shot in the right setting. Else, all your efforts may go in vain.

Knowing Lighting Ratios

A general scare exists among photographers at any photo studio about lighting, but in fact there is no mystery about it. There exist two aspects of it: exposure and shadows. Of course, there are more things to it that need to be taken into consideration like color, composition, background, makeup and hair if it is shooting a model.

In the studio, special attention needs to be paid to the exposure relationships between the different light sources, which is expressed as ratios and determine the places where it needs to be placed to make the subject look good. Here comes the role of shadows.

Lighting Ratios: If light is placed in front of a model directly, there is no need to consider about ratio. The exposure is straightforward. To set up the image, a meter could be used in incident mode and the metered reading taken.

With two lights, the input can be varied (hence the exposure) with each of it by changing the distance between the subject and the source and also making changes to the power setting. With light ratio of 2:1, the difference between the main light and the fill light is one f-stop.

For a 3:1 lighting ratio, there are one and a half f-stops of discrepancy between the two sources. Digital cameras use 1/3 f-stop increments to measure light, though the 3:1 ratio as was used traditionally is taken with half f-stops.

Due to the ability of sophisticated handheld light meters to read light in tenths of an f-stop, one can easily determine one and a half f-stops if there is a requirement of such ratio.

The positioning of a handheld meter helps in precisely measuring the light on a product of face and is a great advantage to the photographer. By measuring a reading from the position of the subject after pointing the meter’s white dome toward the primary light source, the correct exposure can be determined for the main source.

Then on removing the white dome away from the main light projecting toward the fill, a precise reading on a fill light could be taken. By taking note of the f-stop readouts as given on the LCD and making adjustment to the light, the ratio could be found that will help in making the subject look in the way that is needed. It is not always necessary that studio lighting is taken in the studio itself. The outdoor location could be turned into a studio.

Pooch Pics

Try a trigger word such as, “walk”, “drive” or a word they know that will peak their interest to get a lively look from them. Some dogs are too excitable for this though and you may have to leave a long lead on them and work with them a bit. The key to dogs learning is repetition so it may take a few times before you get them to stay just where you want them to. As for backgrounds it would be best to pick a background that suits the look of your pet. Puppies look best from a very low angle, up close, in long grass. Dropping to a lower angle can also make your older dog look a little more puppy like, especially when you get in close. The colour of your dog or cat, is important when it comes to the background, and the whole essence of a good photograph. A lightly coloured or even white coloured coat can often wash out against a white wall, so be mindful of the “blending issue”, where you pet can disappear into the background.

Soon you will discover that photographing pets – or dogs in particular – is not harder than photographing children or shooting family portraits. This is an ever-going field of photography that attracts many new and seasoned photographers alike.

Photographing Clouds

The use of filters can help the photographer emphasize these differences. A UV filter is great to cut through haze and improve clarity. A polarizing filter is perhaps even better to isolate the different areas of the clouds and highlight their features. When doing black and white photography, a red filter is a plus to use to make the clouds really stand out and appear bolder.

A good time to photograph cumulus clouds is both before and after a storm. In California where I live, high clouds will normally precede an approaching storm front followed by more and more cumulus clouds as the cloud cover drops lower and the clouds thicken. At anytime during this process great opportunities for photographs exist. Here in California and other desert areas during the summer monsoonal rain season, thunderheads will often begin to build up over the mountain areas. These gigantic cloud formations stretching thousands of feet into the air are particularly beautiful to photograph as the sunlight plays upon their different features.

Always use a study tripod so that there is no camera movement. The evening is a great time to photograph thunderheads as the light at this time will give them a beautiful reddish glow. Also, scattered clouds at just the right particular height will take on some beautiful warm red to fuchsia colors. I love to photograph clouds that are categorized as “linear ventricular”. These clouds are long horizontally and have the shape of a “flying saucer”. They too are often found during the monsoonal season hanging over mountainous regions.

Select The Scenic Places For Photography

Finding the perfect location to be shot: It’s always easy and comfortable to go for places around you, like a park. But to find a location for a memorable picture one can think of some special locations like the ocean side, mountains or forest-side. Each location has its own individuality and charm which makes the picture interesting and happening.

Perfect natural lighting: A location which has natural light is preferred by a photographer. But try to avoid direct sunlight of the mid day, always go for shaded lighting than a harsh one. A soft and flattering sunlight would bring out the best picture. Early mornings and evenings light would be the best lighting for a perfect picture.

Being alert: Photography in outdoor locations always comes with the risk of sudden and unexpected changes in weather. So be sure you are ready with a back up plan and have necessary arrangements, in case of bad weather conditions. Make sure you have got something like a shaded shelter nearby to protect your photographic equipments from sudden downpour.

Always go for quiet places: A crowded place is always a distraction to capture the real scenic beauty. Mountains, hills, beach side etc are some of the best locations for scenic photography. These scenic places provide ample opportunities for experimenting.

Decide on a focal point: A focal point always gives your landscape a certain definition and brings out an amazing and eye-catching frame to the viewers. A tree that appears unique or a formation in rock or anything else that appears striking can be taken as the focal point to enhance your photograph.

Cover the sky in photograph: Always make it a point to include and give due consideration to include sky above the landscape in your photograph. A scenic beauty would look incomplete without its overlying sky. Different colours of the sky and formations out of clouds can really bring out an awesome look to the landscape. Even if the look of the sky is dull it can be enhanced with the help of filters.

Photo Booth Rental Tips

  • If you are picking out your own album for a photo guest book, I recommend using one with black pages – at least 20 of them. The photo strips and metallic gel pens for messages look fantastic on black pages.
  • If you are using the photo strips as your primary wedding favor, consider having the strip customized to include your names and the date – or a special message.
  • Tailor the photo strips to fit with the mood you are trying to set with your wedding. Color strips look great at any wedding, but we can also make them black and white, or sepia tone for a classic or retro touch.
  • To take your photo strip wedding favors to the next level, place 2″x6″ acrylic, photo strip frames at each place setting or some other style of 2″x6″ frame.
  • At the end of the evening, all the images will be placed on a CD to be used however you see fit. Consider projecting them onto a screen with an LCD projector for all to see toward the end of the reception.
  • Consider having duplicates of the photo strips printed out later to be included with thank you notes, birthday cards, holiday cards, etc.
  • As you consider your options: make sure you are comparing apples to apples. Not all photo booths are created equal – there is a photo booth for every price point – from “photo booths” that are assembled with pipe and drapes or a tripod and a back drop, to upscale, authentic, hard-sided photo booths. If aesthetics are important to you, ask your photo booth rental company to see a picture of the booth that will be at your event. Also make sure to ask for a sample of the photo strips they provide. Not all photo strips are created equal either. Image clarity and flattering lighting is not only important for the benefit of your guests, but it greatly enhances the quality of the photo guest book that is created for you.

Street Portraiture

I’ve been reading a lot about Street Photography. It piqued my interest and I spent many nights, scouring the internet. The main issue that I had was that it was too detached for me. The almost voyeuristic detachment with which the street photographer hangs back and observes what is going on, before clicking the shutter at the Bresson-esque decisive moment, generally goes unnoticed by the subject. Despite street photography taking place in public places, such as a train or a cafe, the photographers aim is to avoid having any impact on the scene unfolding before them. Anonymity is key. For me, I like the interaction. I like to talk to people. I wanted my subjects to be involved. I can only advise that anyone who is going to try the same thing as I am, should take a look at the ‘Humans of New York’. The photographer approaches and speaks to the subjects before taking a photograph of them. In my own opinion, this makes the photograph more about the interaction between the photographer and the subject and less about the observation of people.

I’m certainly not claiming to be an innovator here. There must be a million photographers before me who gone down this well trodden path, but I’m not interested in them because this is my personal project. I’m starting a collection of photographs of people that I’ve never met before. Throughout the course of any day, we all see many, many interesting people who we don’t know. Perfect Strangers. People who for some reason capture our attention and interest. The reason may be good, or bad, but for some reason, they stood out and made us wish that we could photograph them. It’s difficult to break down the social boundaries that stop us from approaching a total stranger and talking to them, it’s even more difficult to ask them if they will let us photograph them. For anyone in the same position as me, I’d recommend this project and the aim is simple. To eliminate the fear that we have of being rejected, photographically speaking. Our aim should be to encourage ourselves out of the comfort zone, to force ourselves to approach the people that previously, we’ve only imagined talking pictures of. What’s the worst that could happen? They might say “no”.