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- Focal Point:
It is not just portraits; landscapes too need a focal point. A landscape photograph without a focal point usually looks dull and empty. A striking building, silhouette, tree, structure, boulder or rock formations, could all work as focal points. Use the rule of thirds to place the focal point in your frame.
One of the key elements of a landscape picture, sky, as it makes for the most dominant foreground. The cloud formations or the lines in the sky can add drama to the pictures. In a boring frame, you could also consider enhancing the sky post production or by using polarizing filters. These filters help add colours and contracts to the frame. You could make the skyline shine by placing the horizon lower.
- Leading lines:
Leading lines by definition leads the eye of those viewing towards the focal points of the shot. Mostly the leading lines are used in the foreground. However, you could use these lines as you please to enhance the picture too. There have been many famous shots comprising only of leading lines that create a pattern. Take your pick but stick to the concept of leading lines.
These lines add depth to the image and also scale the quality of the shot.
- Capturing movement:
Landscape photography is rarely still photography. The usual mindset believes it to be passive, calm and serene. By capturing the movement of nature, you would be able to create a point of interest with drama and mood. For this, your shutter speed be longer (at times, a few seconds). Now because of this, you would also have to go for a smaller aperture as well as use a filter.